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Bipolar disorder

Formerly known as manic-depressive disorder, bipolar disorder is a mental health condition characterized by mood changes that range from depressed lows to manic highs.

While the exact cause of bipolar disorder is not known, we know that both environmental factors and genetics play a role. Individuals who have a family history of depression or bipolar disorder are more likely to develop bipolar disorder.

Symptoms of bipolar disorder

Manic & hypomanic episodes

A distinct period which lasts at least one week, during which the person is extremely happy or irritable, which is accompanied by an increase in energy or activity. During manic episodes, the symptoms are severe enough to cause problems in the social and work life. In general, at least three of the following changes in behavior are also present:

  • Decreased need for sleep (feeling well rested even with less sleep)
  • Increased self-esteem
  • Talking more than normal
  • Uncontrollable, racing thoughts or quickly changing topics or ideas when talking
  • An increase in activity
  • Distractibility
  • An increase in risky behavior (excessive spending, reckless driving, unusual promiscuity)

Hypomania is similar to mania, but hypomanic episodes are less severe and last for a shorter time, typically four days. Although an overall change in mood can be noticed by other people, hypomanic symptoms do not generally cause major disruptions in your life. Hypomania is often followed by low or depressed moods.

How common is bipolar disorder?

Within the U.S., bipolar disorder affects roughly 2.6% of the population. In most cases, the onset of bipolar disorder occurs in adolescence or into early adulthood (ages 18-25). Bipolar disorder itself is split into two distinct types, Bipolar I and Bipolar II. Bipolar I is diagnosed when a person experiences a manic episode. Bipolar II is diagnosed when a person has at least one major depressive episode and at least one hypomanic episode.

Bipolar disorder is a treatable mental health condition. Through a combination of talk therapy and medication management, both of which we offer at Geode Health, you can take the necessary steps towards a better tomorrow. You and your provider at Geode will work together to establish the best possible treatment option for your specific needs.

Get treatment for bipolar disorder at Geode Health

When you work with Geode Health, you can rest easy knowing you and your loved ones are in good hands. We will work with you to confront and overcome bipolar disorder. To discuss possible treatment options, contact our team today, or simply schedule an appointment online at a Geode Health location near you if you’re ready to get started.

If you are in crisis and in need of immediate support

Please call the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline by dialing 988 or text the Crisis Text Line by texting HELLO to 741741